Deciphering the Babble

Updated: Dec 16, 2021

The Deciphering the Babble series, takes a look at the most common ingredients found on the commercial pet food bags, cans and other container labels that we all struggle not only pronouncing but knowing what the heck its even doing in there. The following takes a look at these ingredients, what their purpose is and if they are an artificial or natural product. In addition it takes a look at possible health risks of these ingredients and what whole food, natural and raw options there are for providing them.


The project has taken almost a year to complete. Although there seems to be similar databases out there, we have not found one that is as extensive or as inclusive as The Nutrition Code’s. We have examined almost all the major and sub major pet food brands out there including dry, wet/canned, freeze dried and raw products. If you do not see an ingredient please contact us so we can add it!

Anything labelled in green indicates a natural product. Anything labelled in red is an artificial or synthetic product.

Agar-Agar-made from seaweed as a thickener. itchiness. not need in the diet

Amino Acid Complexes (Cobalt, Copper, Manganese etc.)-the result from from complexing a soluble metal salt with a specific amino acid. available in all meats, bone and organs

Animal Digest-a slurry broth of indeterminate parts of indeterminate animals including but not limited to goats, pigs, sheep, rats and horse that could have been dead, diseased, disabled or dying possible from restaurants, shelters, supermarkets or road kill. Mostly likely from 4 D animals. Defined species and healthy animal meats and animal organs

Apple Pectin-a highly soluble fiber that cannot be digested by cats. in combination with guar gum can diarrhea, gas, and loose stools. not needed in the diet

Ascorbic Acid-a synthetic version of Vitamin C it is a natural preservative essential for collagen formations and immune support. in excess: intestinal irritation, kidney calculi. liver, kidney, heart, fish.

Bacillus coagulant fermentation product-a probiotic that aids in digestion not needed in the diet

Beef Pizzle-Bull penis. very fatty. beef

Beef Tripe-first or second stomach of a cow or other ruminant used for it's digestive enzyme content. cow, lamb

Beta Carotene-Source of Vitamin A. In excess, death, risk of cancers. chicken, pork, egg, fish, liver, kidney, brain

Betaine Anhydrous-vitamin derived from choline. nausea, stomach upset, and diarrhea also available as a prescription drug meanting it contains active chemicals. Should not be used in animlas with kidney disease. turkey, veal, beef

Betaine Hydrochloride-vitamin like substance found in grains as well as other food to increase hydrochloric acid in the stomach. can irritate stomach ulcers and prevent them from healing. turkey, veal, beef

Betaine-an ammonium salt used to replace some or all choline chloride. nausea, stomach upset, and diarrhea also available as a prescription drug meanting it contains active chemicals. Should not be used in animals with kidney disease. turkey, veal, beef, fish, lamb

BHA-an artificial preservative also known as butylated hydroxyanisole which was identified as cancer causing by the National Institute of health and banned in many countries artificial cancer, interferes with hormone function, bioaccumulation. not needed in the diet

Bifidobacterium Lactis-a type of probiotic found in the intestines. not needed in the diet, procuded naturally in the body

Bilberry Powder-a fruit that originally was used for treating/preveting diarrhea, eye problems, poor circulation and cancer. may lower blood sugar.not needed in the diet

Biotin-a B complex that aids in producing fatty acids and glucose. eggs, liver

Blueberry Pomace-the dry or pulpy residue of material resulting after the blueberry has been pressed or extracted. may contain pesticides from being sprayed the skin. not needed in the diet

Bone Meal-bone that is cooked and ground down into a powder as a bone replacement and calcium substitute. may contain contaminants like heavy metals. bone of animal animal

Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA)-an artifical preservative also known as butylated hydroxyanisole which was identified as cancer causing by the National Institute of health and banned in many countries. cancer, interferes with hormone function, bioaccumulation. not needed in the diet

Butylated Hydroxytoluence (BHT)-preservative used to prevent oxidation and rancidicty of fats. lower doses produced increased liver weight, and decreased activity of several hepatic enzymes. In addition to liver and kidney effects, BHT applied to the skin was associated with toxic effects in lung tissue.not needed in the diet

Butyrate-food for the cells of the lining of the colon. not needed in the diet

Calcium Carbonate-a cheap source of calcium needed for bone structure, blood clotting and helps conduct nerve signals. It also is used as a preservative and for color retention. in excess other vitamin deficiencies, hip dysplasia, abrasive in toothpaste. salmon, tuna, trout, sardines

Calcium Citrate-found in calcium supplements, also used for preservation and flavor. nausea, vomiting, decreased apeitie, constipation, increased thirst, increased urination. salmon, tuna, trout, sardines

Calcium Iodate Anhydrous-source of iodine. according to MSDS hazardous if ingestedcod, tuna, turkey breast, eggs

Calcium Iodate-a combination of calcium needed for bone growth and iodine needed for thyriod function which regulates growth and development. according to MSDS hazardous if ingested. canned fishes, egg, cod, turkey

Calcium Lactate-oral health components, source of calcium. nausea, vomitting, decreased appetite, constipation, dry mouth and increase thirst, increased urination. canned fishes, egg, cod, turkey

Calcium Pantothenate-an artifically created version of Vitamin B5 needed for hormone and energy production as well as other biological processes. can cause stomach upset/irritation, diahrrea, nausea. egg yolks, fish, liver,kidney

Calcium Phosphate-a combination of calcium and phosophorus used as an anti caking as well as a source of calcium. allergic reaction, stomach upset, increased thirst and urination, lethargy aches and pain

Calcium Propionate-a chemical preservative. can irritate stomach ulcers and prevent them from healing. not needed in the diet

Carob Powder-chocolate alternative, sweetener, source of fiber and several nutrients. not needed in the diet

Carrageen-a thickening agent from seaweed. gastrointestinal problems, intestinal lesions, ulcers and cancer. not needed in the diet.

Carrot Pomace-the dry or pulpy residue of material resulting after the carrot has been pressed or extracted. may contain pesticides found on the skin of fruit/vegetable. not needed in the diet

Cassia Gum-thickening and gelling agent. reproductive concerns, absorbs moisture in the digestive tract, is a sugar, decrease is apetite and digestive processes. not need in the diet

Celery Pomace-the dry or pulpy residue of material resulting after the celery has been pressed or extracted. may contain pesticides found on the skin of fruit/vegetable.not needed in the diet

Cellulose Gum-thickening agent from plant cell walls. loose bowel movements. not need in the diet

Cellulose-a structural component of most plants typically used in weight management, diabetes and hair ball control diets, anti caking agent. not needed in the diet

Chelated Minerals-are minerals that are chemically combined with amino acids making mineral absorption easier. available in all meats, bone and organs

Chia Seed-edible seed containing omega-3 fatty acids, carbohydrates, protein, fiber, antioxidants, and calcium. constipation and hard stools, diarrhea, bloating and excessive intestinal gas. not needed in the diet

Chicory Inulin-an commerically created alternative sweetener considered a prebiotic and energy source for colon cells. weight loss, drug interactions with some cardiac medications. not needed in the diet

Chicory Pulp-a fungicide. not need in the diet

Cholecalciferol-Vitamin D3. elevations in phosphorus and calcium, tissue hardening in kidneys, intestines and heart. liver, salmon, mackerel, egg yolks, beef

Choline Bitartrate-form of choline a vitamin B family nutrient. can cause stomach upset incluidng pain, diarrhea and vomiting. shrimp, eggs, chicken, turkey, tuna, cod, salmon, beef

Choline Chloride 60-is a powder of Choline Chloride exclusively for pet food. is excess sweating, a fishy body odor, gastrointestinal distress, diarrhea, and vomiting. eggs, liver

Choline Chloride- source of choline which is essential for the fat layers in cell membranes, components of specfici neurotransmitters and fat utilization. shrimp, eggs, chicken, turkey, tuna, cod, salmon, beef

Chondroitin Sulfate-aid in joint protection and cartilage production. animal cartilage

Citric Acid-natural preservative and antioxidant can cause abdominal pain, attacks metal, tooth erosion. not needed in the diet

Citrus Fiber-orange pulp and peel, source of fiber. diarrhea, gas, and loose stools. not needed in the diet

Cobalt Amino Acid Chelate-are minerals that are chemically combined with amino acids making mineral absorption easier. fish, poultry, red meat, eggs

Cobalt Amino Acid Complex-the result from from complexing a soluble metal salt with a specific amino acid meat, liver, kidneys, oysters, mussels, fish

Cobalt Carbonate-source of cobalt. skin irritation. fish, poultry, red meat, eggs

Cobalt Glucoheptonate-source of cobalt. fish, poultry, red meat, eggs

Cobalt Proteinate-result of colbalt combined with amino acids, source of cobalt. fish, poultry, red meat, eggs

Copper Amino Acid Chelate-are minerals that are chemically combined with amino acids making mineral absorption easier stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, difficulty concentrating, unexplained sleepiness, mood swings, dizziness, and muscle aches. May cause zinc levels to become unbalanced. Can cause fluctuations in blood sugar level in diabetics. shellfish, organ meats (liver and kidney), veal, beef

Copper Amino Acid Complex-a source of copper where a metal ion is combined with an amino acid. stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, difficulty concentrating, unexplained sleepiness, mood swings, dizziness, and muscle aches. May cause zinc levels to become unbalanced. Can cause fluctuations in blood sugar level in diabetics. shellfish, organ meats (liver and kidney), veal, beef

Copper Glycine Complex-complex of copper with the essential amino acid glycine. stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, difficulty concentrating, unexplained sleepiness, mood swings, dizziness, and muscle aches. May cause zinc levels to become unbalanced. Can cause fluctuations in blood sugar level in diabetics. shellfish, organ meats (liver and kidney), veal, beef

Copper Lysine Complex-complex of copper with the essential amino acid lysine. shellfish, organ meats (liver and kidney), veal, beef

Copper Polysaccharide Complex-a complex made of a soluble salt with a polysaccharide solution meat, liver, kidneys, oysters, mussels, fish

Copper Proteinate-are minerals that are chemically combined with amino acids making mineral absorption easier. shellfish, organ meats (liver and kidney), veal, beef

Copper Sulfate Pentahydrate-sulfate salt of copper, source of copper. According to the CDC abdominal pain Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse, kidney, hemolytic anemia, kidney damage liver damage. organ meats (liver, kidney)

Copper Sulfate-a synthetic source of copper which is essential for enzyme formation, blood cell creation, color/pigmentation, nervous seem function. According to the CDC abdominal pain Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse, kidney, hemolytic anemia, kidney damage liver damage. organ meats (liver, kidney)

Cranberry Fiber-fibrous pulp of the cranberry that. includes flesh and skin not needed in the diet

Cranberry Meal-cranberries in which the moisture has been removed and is ground into a fine powder. Usually thought to aid the urinary tract. diahrrea, digestive upset, kidney stones, inflammation of the stomach lining. not need in the diet

cultured wheya source of copper. According to the CDC abdominal pain Nausea. Vomiting. Diarrhoea. Shock or collapse, kidney, hemolytic anemia, kidney damage liver damage. shellfish, organ meats (liver and kidney), veal, beef

Cupric Sulphate Pentahydrate-a source of copper. increased bowel movements, nausea, thirst, bloating, cramps, reduced appetite, tiredness. shellfish, organ meats (liver and kidney), veal, beef

Cyanocobalamin-form of B-12. cautionf or those with blood and heart disorders, history of cancer, gastro problems. liver, fish, red meats, eggs, chicken

Cysteine-an amino acid. stomach pain and diarrhea. beef, lamb, chicken, turkey, pork, fish,eggs

d-a-tocopheryl Acetate- vitamin E. stomach irritation, appetite loss, nausea, diarrhea. egg yolks, fish, liver, kidney

D-Activated Animal Sterol- a synthetic version of Vitamin D which is the end product that normally occurs when animals go outside in the sun made by UV radiation treatments. fatty fish, liver, egg yolk

d-alpha tocopherol-source of vitamin E and used to preserve fat. in excess decreased blood clotting. Do not give if heart disease or diabetes, may increase chances of stroke. liver, brain, kidney, fish, egg, bison

D-Calcium Pantothenate-see Calcium Pantothenate. stomach irritation, appetite loss, nausea, diarrhea. egg yolks, fish, liver,kidney

d-pantothenic acid-vitamins B5. gastrointestinal issues. egg yolks, fish, liver, kidney

Dandelion-steams, leaves and flowers, inexpensive source of essential vitamins A, C, K, D, and B complex also a source of minerals such as iron, manganese, and potassium. Can cause stomach discomfort and allergic reactions. not needed in the diet

Deflourinated Tricalcium Phosphate-source of phosphorus and calcium. nausea, vomitting, decreased appetite, constipation, dry mouth and increase thirst, increased urination

Dextrose-source of vitamin E and used to preserve fat. do not us on diabetics, increases blood sugar (hyperglycemia), increases fat storeage, hypoglycemia. liver, brain, kidney, fish, egg, bison

Dicalcium Phosphate- an ingredient that adds texture to pet foods. According to the NIH nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation, stomach pain, thirst, dry mouth and increased urination. Can increase symptoms of diarrhea, parathyroid disease, lung disease, kidney stones or other stomach-related problems. not needed in the diet

DL-alpha tocopherol acetate-cheaper synthetic vitamin E. Vitamin E is required as antioxidant, immune system booster, aid in red blood cell formation and help the body utilize vitamin k. in excess decreased blood clotting. Do not give if heart disease or diabetes, may increase chances of stroke. liver, brain, kidney, fish, egg, bison

DL-methionine-synthetic version of methionine which is important for skin and coat, as well as heart and eye health. It is also a precursor to important amino acids. Vomitting, diahrrea, loss of appetite, Heinz body anemia in cats. Should not be given to animals with liver, pancreatic or kidney disease, or those with urate kidney or bladder stones. fish, tukey, pork, lamb, beed, shellfish, eggs

Dried _____ fermentation extract-a fungus (named in the ingredient blank), fermented to produce an enzyme aiding in digestion and is considered a probiotic supplement. not needed in the diet

Dried Aspergillus Niger Fermentation Extract-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Aspergillus Oryzae Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Bacillus Coagulans Fermentation product-direct-fed microorganism (probiotic) that enhances digestive health. not needed in the diet

Dried Bacillus Licheniformis Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet.

Dried Bacillus Subtilis Fermentation Extract-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Bifidobacterium Longum Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Bifidobacterium Thermophilum Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Enterococcus Faecium Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid.not needed in the diet

Dried Ground Fenugreek-a seed common in indian food it aids in digestion, skin and coat ingreity. It is also a flavor enhancer and source of several vitamins and minerals. safe in medicinl amounts up to 6 months Side effects can include diarrhea, stomach upset, bloating, gas, and a "maple syrup" odor in urine. Can cause nasal congestion, coughing, wheezing, facial swelling, and severe allergic reactions in some, may lower blood sugar. not needed in the diet

Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Lactobacillus Casei Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Lactobacillus Helveticus Fermentation product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet


Dried Lactobacillus Lactis Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Lactobacillus Plantarum Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Pediococcus Acidilactici Fermentation Product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Trichoderma Longibrachiatum Fermentation Extract-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Dried Trichoderma ReeseI-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet.

Dried Whey Protein Concentrate-a dry diary product contain 25% or more protein. increased bowel movements, nausea, thirst, bloating, cramps, reduced appetite, tiredness (fatigue). not needed in the diet

Dulse-red edible seaweed high in iodine as well as calcium, magnesium, potatssim, iron, manganese, zinc and many vitamins. avoid with hyperthyroidism. not needed in the diet

Durum Semolina -a type of wheat. contains gluten,abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, as well as joint pain. not needed in the diet

Enterococcus faecium fermentation product-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet


Ergocalciferol-vitamin D2. nausea/vomiting, constipation, loss of appetite, increased thirst, increased urination, mental/mood changes, unusual tiredness. liver, salmon, mackerel, egg yolks, beef

Erythorbic Acid-form of ascorbic acid. diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, headache, chest tightness and loss of breath.liver, kidney, heart, fish

Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide- iodine supplement. stomach upset, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, skin rash and salivary gland swelling, numbness, pain or weakness in hands or feet, unusual fatigue, weakness or heaviness of legs, fever, and edema of neck or throat. Thyroid adenoma. fish, poultry, egg

Fenugreek-a seed common in indian food it aids in digestion, skin and coat ingreity. It is also a flavor enhancer and source of several vitamins and minerals. safe in medicinl amounts up to 6 months Side effects can include diarrhea, stomach upset, bloating, gas, and a "maple syrup" odor in urine. Can cause nasal congestion, coughing, wheezing, facial swelling, and severe allergic reactions in some, may lower blood sugar. not needed in the diet

Fermented Decaffeinated Green Tea-fermenting sweet tea with a culture of yeast and bacteria. can cause stomach upset and constipation, can reduce absorption of iron, may make anemia worse, may increase anxiety, increase risk of bleeding, may affect blood sugar, increase pressure in the eyes, increase the amount of calcium flushed form the body and in rare cases liver problems. fish, poultry, egg


Ferrous Glycine Complex-source of iron. chicken, fish, beef, lamb

Ferrous Sulfate monohydrate-iron supplement. May cause upset stomach and constipation as well as staining of the teeth. chicken, fish, beef, lamb

Ferrous Sulfate-an iron supplement. Iron is important for production of red blood cells, digestion and immune system support. may cause upset stomach and constipation as well as staining of the teeth. liver, shellfish, beef, sardines, turkey, chicken, veal

Ferrous Sulphate Monohydrate-an iron supplement. Iron is important for production of red blood cells, digestion and immune system support. may cause upset stomach and constipation as well as staining of the teeth. chicken, fish, beef, lamb

Folic Acid Supplement-a synthetic version of Vitamin B9, used for proper brain function, taken long term abdominal cramps, diarrhea, rash, irritability, confusion, nausea, stomach upset, behavior changes, skin reactions, seizures, gas, excitability. Liver, rabbit, chicken, turkey, pork, lamb, goat, ostrich, buffalo, egg, beef, salmon, halibut, haddock, sardine

Folic Acid-a synthetic version of Vitamin B9, taken long term abdominal cramps, diarrhea, rash, irritability, confusion, nausea, stomach upset, behavior changes, skin reactions, seizures, gas, excitability. Liver, rabbit, chicken, turkey, pork, lamb, goat, ostrich, buffalo, egg, beef, salmon, halibut, haddock, sardine

Fructooligosaccharides-an commerically created alternative sweetener considered a prebiotic and energy source for colon cells. ntestinal gas (flatulence), intestinal noises, bloating, stomach cramps, and diarrhea. not needed in the diet

Gelatin-source of protien from amixture of protiens and amini acid compounds. It contains glycine and can prevent seizures, inflammation and supports skin, coat cell growth etc. bloating, burping, potential contamination depending on animal source. not needed in the diet

Gizzard-a muscular, thick-walled part of a bird's stomach for grinding food, typically with grit. poultry

Glucosamine Hydrochloride-aid in joint protection. safe up to two years gas, bloating, and cramps. Many commerical sources contain elevated manganese levels. animal cartilage

Glycerin-a binder, sweetener and mold preventative. diarrhea; gas; nausea; stomach cramps. not needed in the diet

Glycerol Monostearate-an emulsifying agent. not needed in the diet

Glycine-an Amino Acid used to sweeten pet foods and mask bitter and sour tastes. nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, and drowsiness. pork, chicken, ostrich, fish, veal, bison

Grape Seed Extract-source of omega 6, anti inflammatory and antioxidant. itchiness, nausea, may cause issues with bleeding disorders or high blood pressure. not needed in the diet

Green Lipped Mussel-a shellfish used as an anti-inflammatory. diarrhea, nausea, and intestinal gas, can cause liver damage in rare case. Green Lipped Mussel

Green Tea Extract-a product of green tea leaves used as an antioxidant. toxicity can occur at low doses, can reduce iron absorption, liver problems in some cases. not needed in the diet

Ground Whole Grain Sorghum-a grain that boosts protien levels in pet food. It does contain iron, phosphorus and B vitamins. Not needed in the diet

Guar Gum-a thickening ingredient found in guar beans, too also improve shelf life of food. It's primarily benefits include blood sugar stablization and benefits that fiber provide. gas production, diarrhea, and loose stools, may lower blood sugar and blood pressure. not needed in the diet

Hemicellulose Extract-a syrup like wood chip byproduct. Not needed in the diet.

Hydrochloric Acid-highly crrosve strong mineral acid, found in the stomach to break food down moderate acute toxicity. not needed in the diet

Inositol-aka Vitamin B8. Necessary for glycogen for energy, activates energy for the muscles and contributes to nerve impulses. nausea, tiredness, and dizziness. liver, eggs, fish, organ meat

Inulin-* see Fructooligosaccharides. bloating, abdominal cramping, loose stool, gas, more frequent waste. not needed in the diet

Iodine Iodate-source of iodine. cod, tuna, turkey breast, eggs

Iron Amino Acid Chelate-are minerals that are chemically combined with amino acids making mineral absorption easier. Constipation, diarrhea, stomach cramps, or upset stomach may occur. liver, shellfish, beef, sardines, turkey, chicken, veal

Iron Amino Acid Complex-source of iron see iron amino acid chelate. liver, shellfish, beef, sardines, turkey, chicken, veal

Iron Polysaccharide Complex-a complex made of a soluble salt with a polysaccharide solution. can cause constipation, upset stomach, vomitting, irregular heartbeat, seizures, drowsiness, allergic reaction. liver, shellfish, beef, sardines, turkey, chicken, veal

Iron Proteinate- source of iron see iron amino acid chelate. Constipation; darkened or green stools; diarrhea; loss of appetite; nausea; stomach cramps, pain, or upset; vomiting. liver, shellfish, beef, sardines, turkey, chicken, veal

Iron Sulfate-an iron supplement. Iron is important for production of red blood cells, digestion and immune system support. may cause upset stomach and constipation as well as staining of the teeth. liver, shellfish, beef, sardines, turkey, chicken, veal

L-Arginine-an amino acid essential in proiten production. It also aids in heart health and circulation, wound healing, hormone function and best waste processing in the kidneys. abdominal pain and bloating, diarrhea, and gout, may worsen asthma. turkey breast, pork loin, chicken, tuna, salmon

L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate-aka Vitamin C which aids in immunity. not needed in the diet

L-Carnitine-a combination of lysine and methinine. Important for the metabolism of fat, helps with proper cardiac function and acts as an antioxidant. can cause nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, diarrhea, and seizures. Can also cause the urine and breath to have a "fishy" odor. red meat, chicken, shrimp pork

L-Lysine Monohydrochloride-another version of the amino acid Lysine. beef, turkey, chicken, pork, fish, egg

L-Lysine-an amino acid important for protien production. It is important also for preventing viruses associated with respiratory issues. stomach pain and diarrhea. beef, lamb, turkey, chicken, pork, tuna, shrimp, eggs

L-Theonine-amino acid. stomach upset, headache, nausea, and skin rash. pork, chicken, liver, fish, eggs

L-Tryptophan-an amino acid essential for serotonin and melatonin production which aids in sleep and stress relief. neuorlogical problems, stomach pain, belching and gas, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. It can also cause drowsiness, dry mouth, muscle weakness, and sexual problems. fish, poultry, eggs

L-Tyrosine-an amino acid essential for stress resilence including hormone production via the thyriod of adrenaline. nausea, headache, fatigue, heartburn, and joint pain. Do not use in those with hyperthyroidism. egg whites, salmon, turkey breast, pork sirloin, chicken breast, tuna, crab

Lactic Acid-a product made in the musckes after vigorus exercise in pets foods to reduce microbial growth. can cause Sore throat. Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Abdominal cramps. Nausea. Vomiting. nothing species appropriate, cats and dogs can produce it

Lactobacillus acidophilus-a probiotic that aids in digestion and relieving digstive related issues as well as allergies. not needed in the diet

Lactobacillus Plantarum Fermentation Product Dehydrated-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Lactobacillus Rhamnosus Fermentation Product Dehydrated-an enzyme resulting from extracting and precipitating the water-soluble materials from a fermentation process, digestive aid. not needed in the diet

Lecithin-emulsifier, moiturizer and preservative to prevent fats from separating, likely contains pesticides and chemcials as well as GMOs, cognitive impairment not needed in the diet

Linseed Meal-by product from extracting oil from flaxseed. bloating, gas, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, stomachache, and nausea, can slow clotting,lower blood sugar. not needed in the diet

Locust Bean Gum-thickening and gelling agent. gas. not needed in the diet

Locust Bean-thickening and gelling agent. not needed in the diet

Magnesium Chelate-are minerals that are chemically combined with amino acids making mineral absorption easier. miarrhea, nausea, stomach pain, upset stomach, (more severe) depression, feeling tired or irritable. eggs, fish, beef, lamb, chicken, turkey, rabbit, veal, tripe

Magnesium Stearate--lubricant, emulsifier, binding agent, release agent

Magnesium Sulfate-source of magnesium. mental status changes, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, hypotension, acute hepatic and renal failure, metabolic acidosis, multiorgan system failure and death. eggs, fish, beef, lamb, chicken, turkey, rabbit, veal, tripe

Maltodextrin-Artificial sugar. increases blood sugar, supresses growth of probiotics, made from GMO corn. not needed in the diet

Manganese Glycine Complex-source of manganese. do not use in those with liver disease, iron deficiency. fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganese Amino Acid Chelate-are minerals that are chemically combined with amino acids making mineral absorption easier. diarrhea, nausea, stomach pain, pset stomach, (more severe) depression, feeling tired or irritable. fish egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganese Gluconate-source of manganese made from salt of manganese combined with gluconic acid. in excess chemical imbalance, anxiety, pset stomach, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting, interfere with nutrient absorption. fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganese Polysaccharide Complex-a complex made of a soluble salt with a polysaccharide solution. fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganese Proteinate-source of manganese. do not use in those with liver disease, iron deficiency fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganese Sulfate Monohydrate-source of manganese. mental status changes, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, hypotension, acute hepatic and renal failure, metabolic acidosis, multiorgan system failure and death. fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganese Sulfate-a cobination of manganese and sulfur used as a source of manganese to prevent manganese deficiency. mental status changes, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, hypotension, acute hepatic and renal failure, metabolic acidosis, multiorgan system failure and death. fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganese-essential mineral. not for those with iron deficiency or liver disease, may cause tremors. fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganous Oxide-Oxide form of manganese may cause abdominal pain and nausea, reproductive and developmental concerns. fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Manganous Proteinate-Oxide form of manganese. do not use in those with liver disease, iron deficiency. fish, egg, poultry, beef, pork

Marigold Extract-anti-microbial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. not needed in the diet

Medium-Chain Triglyceride- vegetable oil source of fat typically from cocoanut or kernel oils. diarrhea, vomiting, irritability, nausea, stomach discomfort, intestinal gas, essential fatty acid deficiency. not needed in the diet

Menadione Sodium Bisulfite complex-synthetic Vitamin K that often is reported as cancer causing as well as lung, kidney and liver toxicity. toxic to liver cells, weak immune system, anemia, skin/mouscus membrane irritation, mutagenic. beef, pork, duck, goose, chicken liver


Millet-cereal plant used for grains and alcoholic beverages. may cause goitrogens , hypothyroidism. not needed in the diet

Mixed Tocopherols-a natural preservative often made of vitamin E. in excess decreased blood clotting. Do not give if heart disease or diabetes, may increase chances of stroke. liver, brain, kidney, fish, egg, bison

Monocalcium Phosphate-synthetic form of calcium. may lead to renal disease, blood vessel damage.canned fishes, egg, cod, turkey

Montmorillonite Clay-a trace mineral clay as an anti caking agent Dioxin Accumulation, immunosuppression, affect fertility, cancer. not needed in the diet


New Zealand Green Mussel-a shellfish used as an anti-inflammatory. diarrhea, nausea, and intestinal gas, can cause liver damage in rare case. not needed in the diet


New Zealand Green-Lipped Mussel-a large mussel used often for it's anti-inflammatory. diarrhea, nausea, and intestinal gas, can cause liver damage in rare case. Green Lipped Mussel

Niacin Supplement-synthetic Vitamin B3 for circulatory and skin health, increasing energy and help with digestion. in excess itchy, dry skin, upset tummy.poultry, pork, lamb, bison, egg, beef, fish

Niacin-synthetic Vitamin B3 for circulatory and skin health, increasing energy and help with digestion. in excess itchy, dry skin, upset tummy. poultry, pork, lamb, bison, egg, beef, fish